CHARGED The New Movement to Transform American Prosecution and End Mass Incarceration By Emily Bazelon
If you aspired to high office in the 20th and early 21st centuries, this was sound advice: Get thee to a prosecutor’s office. Politicians from both parties, from Democrats like John Kerry to Republicans like Rudolph Giuliani, parlayed prosecutorial perches into political power and nationwide fame.
The basic recipe for using a prosecutor’s post as a springboard into politics required being “tough on crime,” protecting the public by putting criminals behind bars. The vast majority of state and local prosecutors in the United States are elected, and taking a punitive tack was generally considered to be the path to re-election — and, frequently, election to higher office. Prosecutors had strong incentives to be harsh rather than lenient (or merciful) when dealing with defendants, and those incentives helped shape the criminal justice system as we know it today. In the words of the law professor and historian Jed Shugerman, a scholar of prosecutors turned politicians: “The emergence of the prosecutor’s office as a steppingstone for higher office” has had “dramatic consequences in American criminal law and mass incarceration.”
These consequences are on full display in “Charged: The New Movement to Transform American Prosecution and End Mass Incarceration,” by Emily Bazelon, a lecturer at Yale Law School and staff writer at The New York Times Magazine. In “Charged,” a persuasive indictment of prosecutorial excess, Bazelon argues that the lawyers who work in the more than 2,000 prosecutors’ offices around the country — conducting investigations, filing criminal charges and trying cases (or, much more commonly, striking plea bargains) — bear much of the responsibility for over-incarceration, conviction of the innocent and other serious problems of the criminal justice system.
Bazelon interweaves Kevin’s and Noura’s stories with a remarkable amount of academic research by law professors, criminologists and other social scientists. The endnotes, replete with charts and graphs, run to more than 50 pages and acknowledge intellectual debts to such thinkers as Angela J. Davis, Paul Butler, Michelle Alexander and William Stuntz. This combination of powerful reporting with painstaking research yields a comprehensive examination of the modern American criminal justice system that appeals to both the head and the heart.
The study of criminal justice is the study of power, and as a veteran legal journalist, Bazelon has long been concerned with this theme. Her last book, “Sticks and Stones,” explored the culture of bullying and painted a nuanced portrait, rejecting a simple dichotomy between blameworthy bullies and innocent victims. “Charged” is considerably less balanced — in, say, its discussion of plea-bargaining, which Bazelon (convincingly) asserts is used to excess without sufficiently acknowledging its necessary role in the system, or of pro-prosecutor rulings by the Supreme Court, which she analyzes almost entirely from a public-policy perspective with little focus on their legal reasoning. This could cause readers who do not share Bazelon’s politics to dismiss her core argument. But to the extent that it’s a polemic, “Charged” reflects its author’s passion for her subject. “As a journalist,” she writes, “I’ve never felt a greater sense of urgency about exposing the roots of a problem and shining a light on the people working to solve it.”
As a result, in some cases, a prosecutor’s record is no longer a political asset but a liability, or at least a mixed blessing. Take Kamala Harris, whose stints as San Francisco’s district attorney and California’s attorney general fueled her rise to the United States Senate. She now finds her quest for the Democratic presidential nomination complicated by decisions she made in her past positions: She has come under attack largely for having been too aggressive as a prosecutor, a historical novelty in American politics.
If prosecutorial service is no longer a golden ticket to a successful political career, then being a prosecutor could lose some of its luster to young lawyers seeking power and prestige. Perhaps that’s a good thing. In these often overlooked but incredibly important posts, we need people committed to advancing the interests of justice, not just their own ambitions.B:
黄大仙综合资料大全二四天天好彩【弗】【利】【沙】【的】【飞】【船】【已】【经】【进】【入】【了】【星】【球】，【像】【一】【颗】【巨】【大】【的】【火】【球】。【降】【落】【了】【下】【来】。 【星】【球】【上】【所】【有】【的】【人】【都】【看】【到】【了】，【这】【一】【幕】。【可】【是】【这】【些】【土】【著】【根】【本】【不】【明】【白】【这】【意】【味】【着】【什】【么】。【北】【银】【河】【帝】【王】，【弗】【利】【沙】【的】【到】【来】【随】【时】【都】【有】【可】【能】【造】【成】【毁】【灭】。 【族】【长】【抬】【头】【看】【向】【天】【空】。【以】【为】【就】【像】【往】【常】【一】【样】。【那】【些】【外】【星】【来】【客】【有】【的】【时】【候】【也】【会】【来】【到】【星】【球】。 【不】【同】【以】【往】【的】，【仅】【仅】【只】【是】
【面】【对】【墨】【斗】【如】【此】【痛】【斥】，【晨】【曦】【脸】【上】【露】【出】【了】【不】【可】【思】【议】【的】【表】【情】，“【你】【在】【这】【里】【胡】【说】【八】【道】【什】【么】？【我】【什】【么】【时】【候】【这】【么】【想】【过】？” “【你】【有】【没】【有】【这】【么】【想】，【我】【怎】【么】【知】【道】？【在】【你】【不】【主】【动】【开】【口】【之】【前】，【默】【认】【是】【这】【种】【情】【况】，【有】【何】【不】【可】？” 【晨】【曦】【露】【出】【了】【看】【傻】【子】【的】【表】【情】，“【你】【这】【样】【纯】【粹】【就】【是】【恶】【意】【揣】【度】，【以】【为】【天】【底】【下】【人】【都】【跟】【你】【一】【样】【阴】【暗】？” “【恶】【不】【恶】【意】
【董】【孝】【带】【着】【陆】【晓】【来】【见】【萧】【磊】【这】【场】【饭】【局】，【看】【似】【在】【一】【片】【欢】【声】【笑】【语】【中】【结】【束】【了】，【但】【他】【没】【有】【发】【现】【的】【是】【临】【走】【前】【萧】【磊】【偷】【偷】【给】【陆】【晓】【塞】【了】【张】【纸】【条】，【而】【陆】【晓】【不】【动】【声】【色】【的】【收】【下】【了】。 【她】【收】【下】【的】【那】【一】【刻】【萧】【磊】【的】【心】【也】【跟】【着】【沉】【了】。 【当】【天】【晚】【上】【十】【一】【点】，【陆】【晓】【敲】【开】【了】【萧】【磊】【的】【房】【门】，【她】【穿】【着】【一】【身】【白】【色】【的】【连】【衣】【裙】，【扎】【着】【清】【纯】【的】【马】【尾】【鞭】【笑】【的】【一】【脸】【灿】【烂】【站】【在】【门】【口】，【而】黄大仙综合资料大全二四天天好彩“【啊】！”【一】【阵】【刺】【痛】【从】【手】【指】【的】【末】【端】【传】【来】，【眼】【前】【所】【有】【的】【一】【切】【都】【突】【兀】【得】【消】【失】【无】【踪】，【只】【余】【下】【一】【片】【黑】【暗】。 【季】【熏】【就】【像】【是】【被】【这】【阵】【疼】【痛】【唤】【起】【了】【五】【感】，【耳】【朵】【能】【够】【听】【到】【周】【围】【嘈】【杂】【的】【人】【声】，【鼻】【子】【能】【够】【嗅】【到】【饭】【菜】【的】【香】【味】，【身】【体】【也】【能】【感】【受】【到】【身】【下】【扎】【人】【的】【茅】【草】，【只】【有】【眼】【睛】，【还】【是】【什】【么】【都】【看】【不】【见】。 “【好】【了】【好】【了】。【丫】【头】【她】【终】【于】【醒】【了】。【章】【叔】，【真】【是】，【太】
【陈】【昱】【听】【了】【诚】【阳】【子】【的】【讲】【述】，【拱】【手】【说】【道】：“【道】【长】【辛】【苦】【了】。【多】【谢】【道】【长】【帮】【我】【把】【这】【个】【唯】【恐】【天】【下】【不】【乱】【的】【家】【伙】【给】【找】【了】【出】【来】。” 【诚】【阳】【子】【笑】【着】【回】【道】：“【谅】【山】【侯】。【陆】【那】【县】【在】【您】【的】【领】【导】【下】，【可】【以】【说】【是】【蒸】【蒸】【日】【上】。【我】【听】【说】【您】【曾】【经】【担】【任】【过】【陆】【那】【县】【的】【县】【令】，【交】【易】【场】【所】【就】【是】【在】【那】【时】【建】【立】【的】。” 【陈】【昱】【回】【道】：“【不】【错】。【当】【时】【我】【刚】【到】【陆】【那】【县】【的】【时】【候】，【正】【是】
…… 【逍】【遥】【派】——【或】【者】【说】【天】【山】【派】，【他】【的】【邪】【乎】，【不】【仅】【表】【现】【在】“【逍】【遥】【子】”【这】【个】【名】【号】【的】【历】【代】【掌】【门】【的】【承】【袭】【上】！ 【还】【表】【现】【在】【其】【武】【功】【绝】【学】【上】！ 【尤】【其】【是】【北】【冥】【神】【功】！ 【北】【冥】【神】【功】，【吸】【人】【功】【力】【为】【己】【有】！ 【不】【管】【用】【怎】【么】【样】【的】【理】【论】【去】【修】【饰】【它】，【它】【的】【本】【质】，【都】【是】【属】【于】【邪】【魔】【一】【道】【的】【武】【学】，【而】【非】【正】【道】！ 【就】【好】【像】【主】【世】【界】【的】【西】【方】【世】【界】【似】【的】，